But the crowning glory of Anubhava Mantapa was Allama Prabhu, the great sage for his allegoric vachanas, known as “beDagina vachana” in Kannada. In this vachana, Allama Prabhu mocks the mere mortals who are subdued by the.

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The yogi has to open up and transcend all these centers to reach the highest state of Kaivalya or Aikya Sthala as per the Shatsthala philosophy of. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar.

Allegoric Vachanas of Allama Prabhu

The tiger-headed deer, the deer-headed tiger, Joined at the waist. Hence he says we are standing at the edge of the well of honey and yet we do not know how to get this honey. He used his vachanas to spread Virasaivism, which is monotheistic and nondualistic, and has a strong egalitarian message.

Allama’s pen name, ankita or mudraGuheshvara also spelt Guheswara or Guhesvara, lit, “Lord of the caves”which he used most of his poems is said to be a celebration of his experience in the cave temple. Allama is implying that in the above vachana, when he says he removed the roots of delusion by digging into the farm, using mind as his pickaxe. They were happily married until the sickness and early death of his wife.

Nevertheless, Allama’s philosophy is described as monism and also as non-dualism “advaita”. Guheshvara also spelt Guheswara or Guhesvara Kayaka Occupation: Although we know sensual pleasures only lead us to more and more wants and will never satisfy us, we still are lost in the web of desires, asking for more and toiling for more.

He compares the pranayama and kundalini practice with all its chakras to a rope and pulley. Unless you ride it in full knowledge of its ways the axle will break O Lord of Caves!

He compares his body to a farm filled with dirt, mud, kannava and wild plants. These are the five senses that are always engaged in the material world outside, catering to our desires and disturbing the spiritual poise of the meditating yogi. According to the Kannada scholar Shiva Prakash, Allama’s poems are more akin to the Koans riddles in the Japanese Zen tradition, and have the effect of awakening the senses out of complacency.


Apart from the symbolic representation of the most difficult metaphysical concepts of life, these allegoric vachanas also use sarcasm, irony, and paradoxes to build emphasis and persuasiveness into the teachings.

And his father was a dance teacher. With proper intellect and will power, the negative emotions can be removed or replaced with positive emotions such as love and devotion. It was compiled in four versions starting with the anthologist Shivaganaprasadi Mahadevaiah in c.

The poems give little information about Allama’s early aloama and worldly experiences before enlightenment. BalligaviShimoga districtKarnatakaIndia.

He is included among the “Trinity of Lingayatism Veera Shaivism “, along with Basavanna, the founder of the movement, and Akka Mahadevi, the most prominent woman poet. Some kanjada Allama’s poems are known to question and probe the absolute rejection of the temporal by fellow Veerashaiva devotees—even Basavanna was not spared. In this work, Allama is considered an incarnation of the Hindu god Ganapati, and Parvati, the consort of the god Shiva, takes the form of the princess of Banavasi to test his detachment from the material world.

Allama then refers to the predators that attack the farm — the five animals.

He began to dig about it until he found the doorway and managed to enter the excavated temple-cave. Some vachanas are extant.

Encyclopedia of Literature – Vol I. Even before the advent of the revolution of Kalyaana he leaves the place and achieves union with the GOD at Srishaila.

Nagaraj notes that Allama Prabhu was not a bhakti poet. However, all his poems are non-sectarian and some of them even use straight forward language. Allama Prabhu is one of the celebrated poets and the patron saint of the Lingayata movement that reshaped medieval Karnataka society and popular Kannada literature.


Dasgupta and Mohanta also note that Buddhism and Shankara’s Advaita Vedanta are not opposing systems, but “different phases of development of the same non-dualistic metaphysics from the Upanishadic period to the time of Prabbhu.

Allama Prabhu – Allama Prabhu Poems – Poem Hunter

Where is the myrobalan, child of the hills, And where the sea-bred salt? Such a pond, he says will be an eternal one and prahhu rest are temporary.

Look, another came to chew close by When the trunk with no head grazes dry leaves, Look, all vanishes, O Guheswara. Later, translations were made into Sanskrit and Marathi languages.

Its philosophy and practice is presented in the Panchacarasfive codes of conduct, and the Shatsthalasix phases or steps toward unity with Shiva. The Shoonya Sampadane is a result of this consolidation, which is “a far cry from the socio-political pre-occupations of the twelfth-century movement. Allama died in Kadalivana near Srishila Andhra Pradeshand legend has it that he “became one with the linga “. Below are some of the vachanas: In his grief, Allama abandoned everything and began to wander.

Share Email Facebook Google Print. The poems give little information about Allama’s early kannnada and worldly experiences before enlightenment.

According to the scholars K. Later anthologies, with the notable exception of the Shoonya Sampadanefollowed this scheme in their arrangement of the vachanas. The biographical details of Allama Prabhu that can be historically verified are scanty, and much that is known about him is from hagiographic legends. Sharana names T, U. Rice characterises Vachana poems as brief parallelistic allusive poems, each ending with one of the popular local names of the god Shiva and preaching the common folk detachment from wordly pleasures and adherence to devotion to the god Shiva Shiva Bhakti.

Allama Prabhu married a dancer named Kamalathe, but she died prematurely.