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Also Juarez, Epistolariop. The Church now had the function of juarz both God’s kingdom and the aims of the state, which were often not totally in accord. Program implementation, however, immediately encountered serious obstacles. Colonial thought regarded the Indian as something less than the Thomistic definition of a rational animal.

But Liberal rottenness Epistolaio itself in not daring to slay the beast and it was. His disciple Horelos went even further. It fit in well with Juarez’s total philosophy. Thus the Church appropriated the right of justice administration in both civil and criminal cases involving clerics, and the state interfered in the 10 appointment of bishops and in other spiritual disciplinary matters.

Hot only did Juarez have to oontend with enormous distances and a definite dearth of communications facilities, but also with the radically individualistic spirit of his generals and the lack of a tradition in the country which would support a principle over a personality in government.

It represented only a truce — a breathing point in a potentially very Ions struggle — if Juarez could not immediately consolidate his shaky authority. They demanded a strict equality before the law, the importance of free, obligatory lay education, the institution of a civil register, and some form of religious freedom — preferably the total separa- tion of church and state in Mexico.

A los militares solo se les dejd el fuero en los delitos y bsnito puramente juagez.

At thi3 juncture Juarez, who had been elected President of the Supreme Court, announced his ascent to the presidency for the avowed purpose of preserving the Constitution. The answer lay in the ancient Mexican idea of command in an associative authority which valued equally the establishing of a rapport between government and society and a feeling of hierarchy and coaoon benefit. Learn More – opens in a new window or tab International shipping and import charges paid to Pitney Bowes Inc.

After the fall of the Liberals in Mexico City and Oaxaca around the end of b, Juarez occupied his time in various minor duties. Just another year—opening blind.


Epistolario de Benito Juarez

But for Juarez this article, although possibly rendering some assistance in continuing war operations, did not represent the most important factor in the July Manifesto. Neither Bazaine nor Maximilian heeded the whispered advice from the unknown savant across the Rio Grande. This project was accepted on March 31, He further reformed the public instruction within the state, reorganised the treasury and Justice administrations, secured the due sanction of the civil and criminal law codes, and caused the legislature to adopt a broader-based municipal system and the direct elec- tion of the governor.

d But his acceptance of these reforms did not necessarily mean his undying support of constitutionalism. The vast acreages or encomiendasgiven to the conquistadors by the Spanish kings precluded cultivation by one man or one family alone.

The life- saving milk of the spiny cactus, chilled by the desert’s night winds, grew warm. As Secretary to the Governor of Caxaca, he was instru- mental in hastening the reorganization of the judiciary, in liberalizing public affairs management, and in setting up a Sanitation Junta.

Both moderates and radicals agreed on the necessity of a federal system, epistllario separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers, universal suffrage, freedom of speech and the press, the promotion of internal improvements, the right of free transit for Mexican citizens, and the free movement of comnerce. The nation, the Plan of Ayutla observed, could never continue under the repressive will of one man.

Jorge L. Tamayo (Selections of Epistolario de Benito Juarez)

Get the item you ordered or get your money back. The Liberals convened a Constituent Congress with the delegates chosen by direct election. Did 8 Isabella with all due respect to her exalted position of course actually think that they, the Creoles, were going to pay the Indians in gold or even silver for the services they so grudgingly gave? They entered Mexico City and established a provisional govern- ment to await the arrival of the future Mexican emperor, Maximilian, Prince of the House of Hapsburg.

The meddlesome interference of the Spanish ambassador, the apostolic delegate, and epstolario Guatemalan minister in the internal affairs of the Mexican state had led to their expulsion. On the positive side it provided, in the case of its military victory, for the establishment of a provisional government and for the convening of a constitutional congress. Nevertheless, it served as the spark producing the flame of defiance flung at the privileged 92 classes. But the new policy makers ds no more susceptible to Forsyth’s projects than were the old.


The following year he spoke of the necessity of direct election in a republican system. Most cordial ties continued to exist with the United States. On this basis they lost. The acts of both the representative congress and the interim exeoutive would be subject to review by the constitutional congress. Lerdo de Tejada had indicated in an interview that he regarded Mexico as the natural ally of the United States and did not partake of the vulgar prejudice preva- lent throughout Latin America that the United States followed only a policy of territorial aggrandizement.

The government under Juarez’s guidance introduced highway and railroad expansion measures into Congress. Analysis began with a legend, the legend of Quetzalcoatl, the benign god who sprang from the earth to bring the blessings of civilization to the Mexican people. He asserted that this same Juarez was acclaiming that very day from Oaxaca reform, tolerance — all that was progress.

For the majority of the people rarely examined the causes of things and always admired and extolled what was to them new and extraordinary. But although clerical injustice was rather clearly present in this particular case, the state courts found against the defense.

In he defended before a board a thesis predicating public opinion as a force in maintain- ing a balance among the divided constitutional powers. He had few friends, but to those few he invariably showed formality and good sense. Juarez joined Alvarez’s protest movement relatively late. As such it is worth examining in greater detail. Universided Nacional de ffexico, iXtBK pp.

Ht3, 36 Once again the Liberals faced the task of reconstruction interrupted in Henceforth all civil cases involving clerical and military personnel were to be tried in state courts. Knowing its importance, he resolved to give it all the impulse the necessities of the state demanded justicia.