Hulagu Khan (ca. ) was a Mongol conqueror and the founder of the dynasty of the Il-Khans of Iran. He also suppressed the Ismaili sect and defeated . fifth son of Tolui (and thus grandson of Čengiz Khan) and founder of the R. E. Latham, London and New York, , index s.v. “Hulagu”). Hulagu Khan Destroyed Thousands Of Priceless Ancient Books Kept In The House Of Wisdom In Baghdad. | June 21, | Ancient History.

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In any event, Muslim authors, seeing the disestablishment of Islam as the state religion, accused him and the Mongols of anti-Muslim sentiments. Genghis Khan did not invade far into the Muslim world, but the Great Khan, Mongke, put his brother Hulagu Khan in charge of an army whose goals were to conquer MesopotamiaKhna, Syria, and Egypt, as well as to destroy the Abbasid Caliphate.

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With galaku were the King of Armenia and the Prince of Antioch. Doquz Khatun Yesuncin Khatun. Once near the city he divided his forces to threaten the city on both the east and west banks of the Tigris.

His daughter-in-law, Absh Khatunwas sent to Haalaku to reign in Hulagu’s Mongol army set out for Baghdad in November Though Assassins failed in both attempts, Hulagu marched his jalaku to their stronghold of Alamutwhich he captured. This seems, therefore, to be a story current in the Mamluk sultanate, which tells us more about Mamluk tastes and perceptions than reality in the Il-khanate. By January 11 the Mongols balaku close to the city, [24] establishing themselves on both banks of the Tigris River so as to form a pincer around the city.

Mongol raids into Palestine. If you enter several tags, separate with commas. It is very strange that ohan victor takes up the way of life of the vanquished in this case. Hulagu’s campaign sought the subjugation of the Lurs of southern Iran, the destruction of the Assassinsthe submission or destruction of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdadthe submission or destruction of the Ayyubid states in Syria based in Damascusand finally, the submission or destruction of the Bahri Mamluke Sultanate of Egypt.


Nestorian Christianityconverted to Buddhism on his deathbed.

Hulagu Khan Destroyed Thousands Of Priceless Ancient Books Kept In The House Of Wisdom In Baghdad

Privacy Policy Add Comment. However, the thirteenth century did see a vogue of Mongol things in the West. Baghdad had for centuries been the capital of the Abbasid Caliphatethe third caliphate whose rulers were descendants of Abbasan uncle of Muhammad. Under Hulagu’s dynasty, Iranian historians began hzlaku in Persian rather than Arabic.

Siege of Baghdad () – Wikipedia

Estimates of the size of the Egyptian army range from 24, toBaghdad came under heavy attack from the Mongols. Archived from the original on He was succeeded by his son Abaqa, thus establishing his line. Baghdad was a depopulated, ruined city for several centuries and only gradually recovered some of its former glory. This article is about the founder of the Ilkhanate. Shahi KuanLake Urmia.

The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:. Hulagu vigorously carried out the latter part of these instructions. Hulagu suffered a severe defeat in an attempted invasion north of the Caucasus in The Grand Library of Baghdadcontaining countless halxku historical documents and books on subjects ranging from medicine to astronomy, was destroyed.

Their rule is usually dated from to India Java Korea Tibet. The city was taken on 13 February and subjected to a week of looting and massacre.

On January 29, the Mongol army began its siege of Baghdad, constructing a palisade and a ditch around the city. Oscillatting between Sunni and Shi’a Islam the latter would become the state religion after the beginning of the Safavid dynasty.

Hulagu subsequently besieged the city, which surrendered after 12 days. Upon receiving news of Hulagu’s departure, Qutuz quickly assembled a large army at Cairo and invaded Palestine.

The House of Wisdom was a huge library in Baghdad and major intellectual center where you could find books and manuscripts about science, art and Greek literature. With the Islamic power center of Baghdad gone and Damascus weakened, the center of Islamic power transferred to the Egyptian Mamluks in Cairo. Hulagu led his army first to Iran, where he successfully campaigned against the Lursthe Bukharaand the remnants of the Khwarezm-Shah dynasty.


Baghdadmodern-day Iraq.

David Morgan, The MongolsOxford,pp. The invasion effectively destroyed the Ayyubid Dynastytheretofore powerful ruler of large parts of the Levant, Egyptand Arabia. For instance, Hulagu, who led Mongol forces into the Middle East during the second wave of the invasions inhad with him a thousand squads of engineers, evidently of north Chinese or perhaps Khitan provenance.

The dynasty unified much of Iran following several-hundred years of political fragmentation. Around 3, of Baghdad’s notables also tried to negotiate with Hulagu but were murdered.

Canals were cut as a military tactic and never repaired. Historians have ascribed various motives to al-Alkami’s opposition to submission, including treachery [23] and incompetence, [24] and it appears that he lied to the Caliph about the severity of the invasion, assuring Al-Musta’sim that, if the capital of the caliphate was endangered by a Mongol army, the Islamic world would rush to its aid.

Hulagu sent multiple communications to Europe, in an attempt to establish a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims. The very man who destroyed Islamic Archives, in his very next generation, we see conversion to Islam. A low estimate is about 90, dead; [10] higher estimates range fromto a million. A thousand squads of northern Chinese sappers accompanied the Mongol Khan Hulagu during his conquest of the Middle East.

Hulagu’s favorite wife, Dokuz Khatun, was also a Christian, as was Hulagu’s closest friend and general, Kitbuqa. It was certainly kept.